Economic Calendar

List of important economic releases

Time Impact
Currency
Event
Previous
Forecast
Actual
Sep 23, 2021

00:00

USD
UN General Assembly
Previous
Forecast
Actual

00:00

JPY
Autumnal Equinox Day
Previous
Forecast
Actual

05:00

SGD
Inflation Rate YoY
Previous 2.5%
Forecast 2.4%
Actual 2.4%
In Singapore, the most important categories in the consumer price index are housing (25 percent of total weight) and food (22 percent). The index also includes: transport (16 percent), education (7 percent), health (6 percent), communication (5 percent) and clothing and footwear (3 percent). Recreation, alcoholic beverages, tobacco and others account for the remaining 16 percent of total weight.

05:00

SGD
Inflation Rate MoM
Previous -0.2%
Forecast
Actual 0.5%
Inflation Rate MoM measures month over month change in the price of goods and services.

05:00

SGD
Core Inflation Rate YoY
Previous 1%
Forecast 1%
Actual 1.1%
In Singapore, the core inflation rate tracks changes in prices that consumers pay for a basket of goods excluding changes in the price of cars and accommodation, which are influenced more by government policies.

06:45

EUR
Business Confidence
Previous 110
Forecast 109
Actual 106
In France, Business Climate measures industrial entrepreneurs’ sentiment about current business situation and expectation about business conditions. The survey sample comprises about 4,000 enterprises in the manufacturing and mining industries. The indicator is calculated using factor analysis technique. The index is then calculated in a way to measure the current sentiment in relation to the historic index values of the period 1993-2011. A value over 110 indicates unusually high optimism and a value under 90 indicates unusually high pessimism. The value 100 indicates neutrality.

06:45

EUR
Business Climate Indicator
Previous 110
Forecast
Actual 112
In France, the Business Climate Composite Indicator summarizes the information provided by the surveys in manufacturing, services, trade (retail and wholesale), and construction. The business climate is built from 26 balances of opinion from these surveys.

07:15

EUR
Markit Manufacturing PMI Flash
Previous 57.5
Forecast 57
Actual 55.2
In France, the Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of 400 industrial companies. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

07:15

EUR
Markit Composite PMI Flash
Previous 55.9
Forecast 55.8
Actual 55.1
In France, the Markit France Composite Output Index tracks business trends across private sector activity, based on data collected from a representative panel of around 800 companies. The index tracks variables such as sales, new orders, employment, inventories and prices. A reading above 50 indicates expansion in business activity and below 50 indicates that it is generally declining.

07:15

EUR
Markit Services PMI Flash
Previous 56.3
Forecast 56
Actual 56
The France Services PMI (Purchasing Managers' Index) is based on data collected from a representative panel of around 400 companies based in the French service sector. The index tracks variables such as sales, employment, inventories and prices. A reading above 50 indicates that the services sector is generally expanding; below 50 indicates that it is generally declining.

07:30

EUR
Markit Composite PMI Flash
Previous 60
Forecast 59.2
Actual 55.3
In Germany, the Germany Composite Output Index tracks business trends across both the manufacturing and service sectors, based on data collected from a representative panel of over 1,000 companies (50 percent from the manufacturing sector and 50 percent from the services sector). The index tracks variables such as sales, new orders, employment, inventories and prices. A reading above 50 indicates expansion in business activity and below 50 indicates that it is generally declining.

07:30

CHF
SNB Interest Rate Decision
Previous -0.75%
Forecast -0.75%
Actual -0.75%
In Switzerland, interest rate decisions are taken by the Swiss National Bank. The official interest rate is the SNB policy rate. The SNB seeks to keep the secured short-term Swiss franc money market rates close to the SNB policy rate. SARON is the most representative of these rates today. As of 13 June 2019, the SNB policy rate replaced the target range for the three-month Swiss franc Libor (London Interbank Offered Rate) previously used in the SNB's monetary policy strategy. The reason for this adjustment was that the Libor was becoming less relevant as the most important reference rate owing to the absence of the underlying money market transactions. From 6 September 2011 to 15 January 2015, the main focus of implementation was on the minimum exchange rate of CHF 1.20 per euro, which the SNB enforced during this period. On 18 December 2014, the SNB decided to impose an interest rate of -0.25% on sight deposit account balances. With the announcement of a negative interest rate, the Libor target range used then was taken into negative territory for the first time, and extended to its usual width of 1 percentage point. On 15 January 2015, the SNB lowered the interest rate on sight deposits to -0.75% and moved the target range downwards to between -1.25% and -0.25%. Negative interest has applied since 22 January 2015 and currently corresponds to the SNB policy rate.

07:30

EUR
Markit Manufacturing PMI Flash
Previous 62.6
Forecast 61.5
Actual 58.5
The Markit/BME Germany Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of 500 industrial companies. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

07:30

EUR
Markit Services PMI Flash
Previous 60.8
Forecast 60.2
Actual 56
The Germany Services PMI (Purchasing Managers' Index) is based on data collected from a representative panel of over 500 companies based in the German service sector. The index tracks variables such as sales, employment, inventories and prices. A reading above 50 indicates that the services sector is generally expanding; below 50 indicates that it is generally declining.

08:00

EUR
ECB General Council Meeting
Previous
Forecast
Actual
In the Euro Area, benchmark interest rate is set by the Governing Council of the European Central Bank. The primary objective of the ECB’s monetary policy is to maintain price stability which is to keep inflation below, but close to 2 percent over the medium term. In times of prolonged low inflation and low interest rates, ECB may also adopt non-standard monetary policy measures, such as asset purchase programmes. The official interest rate is the Main refinancing operations rate. .

08:00

EUR
Markit Services PMI Flash
Previous 59
Forecast 58.5
Actual 56.3
The Eurozone Services PMI (Purchasing Managers' Index) is based on data collected from a representative panel of around 2,000 private service sector firms. National services data are included for Germany, France, Italy, Spain and the Republic of Ireland. The index tracks variables such as sales, employment, inventories and prices. A reading above 50 indicates that the services sector is generally expanding; below 50 indicates that it is generally declining.

08:00

EUR
Markit Manufacturing PMI Flash
Previous 61.4
Forecast 60.3
Actual 58.7
In the Euro Area, the Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of 3,000 manufacturing firms. National data are included for Germany, France, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Austria, the Republic of Ireland and Greece. These countries together account for an estimated 90% of Eurozone manufacturing activity. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

08:00

EUR
Markit Composite PMI Flash
Previous 59
Forecast 58.5
Actual 56.1
In the Euro Area, the Markit Eurozone PMI Composite Output Index tracks business trends across both the manufacturing and service sectors, based on data collected from a representative panel of over 5,000 companies (60 percent from the manufacturing sector and 40 percent from the services sector). The index tracks variables such as sales, new orders, employment, inventories and prices. National data are included for Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Austria, the Netherlands, Greece and the Republic of Ireland. A reading above 50 indicates expansion in business activity and below 50 indicates that it is generally declining.

08:30

GBP
Markit/CIPS Composite PMI Flash
Previous 54.8
Forecast 54.5
Actual 54.1
The UK Composite PMI is a weighted average of the Manufacturing Output Index and the Services Business Activity Index.

08:30

GBP
Markit/CIPS UK Services PMI Flash
Previous 55.0
Forecast 55
Actual 54.6
The Markit/CIPS UK Services PMI (Purchasing Managers' Index) is based on data collected from companies in the transport and communication sector, financial intermediation, business services, personal services, computing and IT and hotels and restaurants. The index tracks variables such as sales, employment, inventories and prices. A reading above 50 indicates that the services sector is generally expanding; below 50 indicates that it is generally declining. .

Frequently asked questions

  • How to trade the news?

    The financial events are typically scheduled ahead of time. There are usually predictions ahead of the release (Forecast column in our Forex news calendar) of how it will affect the market. Some traders choose to open positions depending on their expectations of economic indicator reports: if they expect a particular indicator to move the currency up, they buy it and vice versa. Other traders dislike rapid price movements that may happen when indicators are released, so they steer clear of using the FX calendar and trading the news.

    There are many news trading strategies: you have to use the one you find best suited for your trading style. FBS, apart from providing all the necessary services for trading, also have all the vital information for any trader's needs. Check out our news section to be aware of possible market movements.

    Even if you are not one to trade the news, you should still check the trading economic calendar or read about current economic events regularly because they are likely to affect market volatility.

  • How to read the economic calendar?

    Sometimes the number of current economic events can be overwhelming. So, first of all, make sure to use filters to see the most relevant indicators for your Forex trading. For example, you can choose currencies that you are planning on trading or the indicator impact.

    At the top of our Forex trading calendar, choose the most convenient time zone.

    Use numeric values of the indicators to navigate market changes. This is why forecasts and actual release figures are essential. Compare the numbers: if the Actual value is bigger than the forecast, this is good for the currency and it is likely to go up in price; if the Actual value is lower than the Forecast, it is likely to drop.

    You can apply similar logic to the Previous and Forecast values before the actual data is released, but be careful – forecasts are always preliminary and actual figures might be drastically different.

  • What is the economic calendar?

    Economic calendar, also known as Forex economic calendar or FX Calendar, is a tool that allows traders to make the fundamental analysis of financial markets based on economic news. That is – you will be able to see macroeconomic events that move the market and make Forex trading decisions based on the data.

  • Is the economic calendar updated in real-time?

    Our major economic events calendar is updated automatically as the reports come out. FBS is there to offer timely updates to the economic calendar, but we cannot be held accountable for any delays due to the immoderate flow of trading news events.

  • What economic indicators are there?

    Economic indicators are major economic events that are used to interpret investment opportunities in Forex trading. They usually are macroeconomic events that affect currencies and stock prices.

    The indicators can be leading (predict upcoming changes), coincident (show the current economic state of the particular area) and lagging (confirm patterns and trends).

    Top economic indicators:

    • The US Treasury Yield Curve – shows the ratio between short-term Treasury bills and long-term Treasury bonds. This indicator successfully predicted eight major recessions of the past years.
    • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) – one of the most critical metrics of the economy's health. It is a lagging indicator, so it shows what has already happened, but can be a great marker of an upcoming recession.
    • Unemployment Rate – this is a percentage of people seeking jobs and will indicate how healthy the labor force and, thus, the economy really is.
    • Interest Rates – another lagging indicator that shows economic growth. It can affect GDP and inflation, so be aware of this one.

    These are some of the few important indicators. Make sure to follow our daily trading plans from FBS analysts to learn more about the current trading news events and how they will affect your Forex trading.

  • What data is included in the economic calendar?

    The economic calendar includes information about major economic events, as well as political news and the impact they have on the Forex market. All these financial events are used as economic indicators.

    The economic events calendar also shows the time and date of when the indicator data was released, the currency that they are expected to affect, and each indicator's impact level. Most indicators have numerical values, which may be expressed as a percentage or as a currency value. They reflect the impact the particular indicator had or is going to have, either positive or negative.

    Our forex economic calendar has three columns to show the value of economic indicators: Previous, Forecast, and Actual:

    • Previous shows the value the indicator had in the previous period (usually, one month or one year);
    • Forecast shows the estimated value of the indicator based on a survey of 20-240 economists;
    • Actual is the value published by an official source like a national statistics agency or an analytical center.

    We also provide additional information about the specific indicators and the graphs showing changes in value by month or year – click the indicator you're interested in to learn more.

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