Calculating profits

Calculating profits

If you entered EUR/USD long at 1.0500 and prices moved higher to 1.0550, it means that you made 50 pips. Congratulations! You’ve earned some money. OK, you might say, but how much? Good question! Let us calculate your profits.

There is a simple formula for this:

1 pip in the decimal form / the current exchange rate of the quote currency to the US Dollar = value per pip.

In our case:

0.0001/ 1 = 0.0001 (rounded up). It means that you will get this sum for every pip of your profitable trade.

As you can see is not a large sum of money. Well, it’s because it is the value of a pip per unit, but traders operate with a bigger number of units — so-called lots.

Calculate the profit using the FBS calculator

What is a lot?

A lot is an order of a certain number of units. Historically, spot Forex trading was only available in specific amounts of base currency called lots. A standard size of a lot equals to 100,000 units of a base currency. Later on, when Forex market opened for traders with smaller capital, a mini and even a micro lot became available.

Lot by Number of Units Forex

Calculating 1 pip value for different currency pairs

You may see that the smallest lot is a micro lot (1,000 units of a base currency, it is often referred to as 1K). You can trade 1 000, 2 000, 3 000 or 124 000 units so long as it can be multiplied by 1K. Each 1K is referred to as a lot.

So, if you as in the last example open a long trade with one standard lot on EUR/USD, you will be buying 100,000 units. In this case, your profit will be not 0.00009478 USD for 1 pip the price goes in your favor, but 0.00009478 USD *(multiplied) 100,000 which is approximately 9.4787 USD. You may also open trade with mini (10,000), or even micro (1,000) lots. In this case, your profits will be something like 0.94786 USD and 0.09478 USD per 1 pip accordingly.

You should remember that the US Dollar is a quote currency in many pairs (EUR/USD, GBP/USD etc.). It means that the exchange rate of the quote currency to USD equals to 1.

  • For such pairs one pip will always cost $10 when we trade a 

    100 000 — unit contract (1 standard lot):100 000 * 0.0001 / 1 = $10 (pip value for EUR/USD)

  • For the pairs where the US Dollar is a base currency (USD/CHF, USD/CAD), pip value depends on the exchange rate:

    100 000 * 0.0001 / 1.0195 = $9.8 (pip value for USD/CHF)

  • For the pairs that include the Japanese yen the pip value is calculated as follows:

    100 000 * 0.01 / 120.65 = $8,28 (pip value for USD/JPY)

Calculating value of a pip

Latest news

ECB report is in focus

The European Central Bank will publish the monetary policy statement with the interest rate decision on January 21, at 14:45 MT time. 

Markets await Biden to unveil "trillions dollars"

Joe Biden is going to unveil a Covid-19 relief package of about $2 trillion. After this announcement, the 10-year Treasury yield rose, adding support for the USD.

USD came under selling pressure

The US dollar’s weakness offered a boost to emerging-market currencies and oil.

Frequently asked questions

  • How to get the Trade 100 bonus?

    Boost your trading skills with free $100 from FBS. To activate this option, open a Trade 100 bonus account with $100 in it. Use the money during 30 days of active trading and trade five lots.  If you succeed, you can get your profit of $100. It is a win-win offer! Not only do you get a chance to profit, but you can also test the real markets and train your FX skills. 

  • How to open an FBS account?

    Click the ‘Open account’ button on our website and proceed to the Personal Area. Before you can start trading, pass a profile verification. Confirm your email and phone number, get your ID verified. This procedure guarantees the safety of your funds and identity. Once you are done with all the checks, go to the preferred trading platform, and start trading. 

  • How to withdraw the money you earned with FBS?

    The procedure is very straightforward.  Go to the Withdrawal page on the website or the Finances section of the FBS Personal Area and access Withdrawal. You can get the earned money via the same payment system that you used for depositing. In case you funded the account via various methods, withdraw your profit via the same methods in the ratio according to the deposited sums.

  • How to start trading?

    If you are 18+ years old, you can join FBS and begin your FX journey. To trade, you need a brokerage account and sufficient knowledge on how assets behave in the financial markets. Start with studying the basics with our free educational materials and creating an FBS account. You may want to test the environment with virtual money with a Demo account. Once you are ready, enter the real market and trade to succeed.

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