Zigzag and Flat patterns

Unlike motive waves, corrections are more complicated and tricky structures. There're simple and complex correction patterns:

  • Zigzag
  • Flat
  • Double / Triple Zigzag
  • Double / Triple Threes
  • Triangles

The first two (a zigzag and a flat) are simple patterns, which are bricks of complex corrections. In this article, we're going to examine zigzag and flat patterns.

What's a zigzag pattern?

Like most correction patterns, zigzag subdivides into three waves, which are marked as A-B-C.

downward zigzag

The main rules for zigzags:

  • Zigzags subdivides into three waves.
  • Wave A is always an impulse or a leading diagonal.
  • Wave B could take the form of any correction pattern.
  • Wave C is always an impulse or an ending diagonal.
  • Wave B is shorter than wave A.
  • Wave C is longer than wave B.
  • Waves A and C are motive, wave B is corrective.

A flat pattern

Another simple correction is a flat pattern, it also subdivides into three waves and is marked as A-B-C, but the structure is different.

The main rules for flats:

  • Flats consist of three waves.
  • Wave A could be any correction pattern except triangles.
  • Wave B could be any correction pattern, but in most cases, it's a zigzag.
  • Wave C is always an impulse or an ending diagonal.
  • Wave B has a length of more than 90% of wave A.
  • Wave C is usually equal or even longer than wave B.
  • Waves A and C are motive, wave B is corrective.

As you can see from the chart below, there’re three types of the flat pattern depending on the length of waves B and C.

Regular Flat: Wave B is almost equal to wave A (at least 90%), while wave C tends to be equal to wave B.

Expanded Flat: Wave B is longer than wave A and wave C is longer than wave B.

Running Flat: Wave B is longer than wave A, but wave C is shorter than wave B.

Flat trading patterns

Real examples

The chart shows a simple zigzag in wave (ii) with impulses in waves a and c. This is the most common structure of zigzags. Also, pay attention to a leading diagonal, which has formed after wave (ii). The pattern confirmed the ending of the zigzag.

 the most common structure of zigzag pattern

Elliott wave patterns form on all markets, including cryptocurrencies. There’s Ethereum chart below, where we could find three zigzags. The biggest one is wave (ii). As you can see, the wave (a) of (ii) is a leading diagonal pattern. Wave ii (on the right) is a zigzag with the same structure (wave ((A)) is a leading diagonal). Another zigzag is wave b (in the middle of the chart), its wave ((A)) is far longer than wave ((C)). Sometimes such a disproportion happens, so now you know what you can face with.

Upward Zigzag with a Leading Diagonal in wave

It’s also possible to have a zigzag with an ending diagonal in wave C, you can see this case on the next chart. Wave ((a)) here is an impulse, but after wave ((b)) there’s an ending diagonal in wave ((c)). As you already know, an ending diagonal could form in a position of the last wave of a motive wave (wave five of an impulse or wave C of a zigzag).

a zigzag with an ending diagonal

The chart below represents such a rare case when motive waves of a zigzag are formed like a leading and ending diagonals. Contracting diagonals are more common, but we also could face a structure with expanding ones.

a zigzag chart

Sometimes wave C of a zigzag could be fast-moving as you can see on the next chart. There’s a plain and clear structure of the wave (a), but wave (c) consists of only three bars. This usually happens when news or political events influence the price movement.

a fast-moving zigzag

There’s a flat pattern in wave b on the chart below. This is a regular flat because wave ((B)) is about 0.9 of wave’s ((A)) length. However, the wave ((C)) is pretty fast. There’s one more interesting thing. There’re two zigzags in waves ((A)) and ((B)). The first pattern has wave (A) as an expanding leading diagonal, which is quite rare. The next zigzag has a contracting leading diagonal in wave (A) of ((B)), which is more common.

a flat pattern in wave b on the chart

Wave C of a flat pattern could be also an ending diagonal as shown on the next chart. Wave (b) is shorter than wave (a), so it’s a regular flat. However, an ending diagonal in wave (c) finishes below the high of wave (a) that is how running flats ends. As you can see, there’re some variations in each type of flat patterns in the real market.

a flat pattern an ending diagonal

The last chart shows a perfect example of an expanded flat pattern. Wave ((B)) is far longer than wave ((A)) and the ending of wave ((C)) breaks the low of wave ((B)). The subsequent bullish impulse in wave ((1)) confirms that a flat pattern is over.

an expanded flat pattern

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