Poor US data, slow vaccine distribution, rising virus cases worsened the market sentiment and underpinned safe-haven currencies like the USD, and JPY.
Is Chinese economy rebounding?
It seems that China may have defeated the pandemic as the coronavirus cases has dramatically fallen there. The country has come through the worst and is recovering now.
Today China Manufacturing PMI (purchasing managers’ index ) was released and it went beyond all expectations as the index was 52.0 with forecast of 44.9 while previous one was 35.7!
What does it mean for China?
It’s excellent for the Chinese yuan. Indexes above 50.0 indicate industry expansion as it’s widely assumed, but nowadays it doesn’t mean that Chinese economic activity has fully resumed. The country might avoid a recession but, anyway, will undergo a steep slowdown because of the virus shocks on production and demand. World Bank downgraded China’s 2020 GDP forecast to 2.3% versus 6.1% reported for 2019.
What does it mean for the world?
The whole world is suffering from the virus now and this shock will affect greatly almost every country as economies are all intertwined. As Michael Howell from London’s CrossBorder Capital Ltd. said, we should be ready for the turnaround of the lead economy. Who knows, maybe US dollar will cede its place to the Chinese yuan. However, this is an assumption, which may not hold up.
Technical analysis of USD/CNH
Let’s look at the USD/CNH chart. It’s now on 7.1060 mark crossing Moving Average of 50. The rebound of the Chinese PMI should strengthen the Chinese yuan. Despite that fact, we see the upward trend and the pennant, so, we can assume that, the graph should surge after it.
Chinese PMI affects Australian dollar
Moreover, the Australian dollar bounced back substantially from the Chinese PMI data. Often the Australian dollar acts as a Chinese-economy proxy bet. Moreover, 2.2 trillion dollar US stimulus package improved the global risk sentiment, what was beneficial for riskier currencies, including the aussie. However, worries about the financial downturn from the coronavirus support the US dollar's perceived safe-haven status.
We see the AUD/USD pair on 0.6090 mark now. It almost reached 61.8% Fibonacci retracement level with 0.62300 mark and then turned back to 50%. It’s the decisive moment, will it go down breaking through 50% Fibonacci retracement level or continue its growth.
Joe Biden is going to unveil a Covid-19 relief package of about $2 trillion. After this announcement, the 10-year Treasury yield rose, adding support for the USD.
The US dollar’s weakness offered a boost to emerging-market currencies and oil.
The Canadian central bank will make a monetary policy report and announce interest rates on Wednesday, January 20, at 17:00 MT time. Also, the BOC press conference will be held later.
USD’s rally takes a pause, while riskier assets are modestly rising.
We are now past the middle of January, and this means that the largest US companies will report their earnings for the fourth quarter and many of them will provide the results of the entire 2020.