A triangle chart pattern is a consolidation pattern that involves an asset price moving within a gradually narrowing range.
How to Trade Three Black Crows Candlestick Pattern
2022-12-28 • Updated
In trading, we can rely on a bunch of different entry signals. While some can be calculated and defined with a strict mathematical formula, others are not that simple. You should be attentive to spot them and grab your reward. Three black crows pattern is one of these, so let’s break it down and see how it works and how to use it properly.
What is the Three Black Crows Pattern?
As you know, the most popular chart type is Japanese candlesticks. They are easy to read, informative, and used by most traders to predict future market movements. At a certain point, traders came up with the idea of identifying candlestick patterns. They usually look like a series of candlesticks, after which the price moves in a particular direction. Three black crows is one of the patterns used by traders to seek reversal candlestick patterns on a chart.
Notice that traders say black candle when they mean a bearish one. Generally, most traders use red candles to visualize a bearish movement. On the contrary, a white candle usually means a bullish one, with most traders using green candles instead of a white ones. The name came from the past when candlestick charts were black and white.
Now, as we have finished with the pattern definition, let’s move to the pattern itself. Three black crows pattern looks like three consecutive bearish trading sessions. Usually, there are little or no wicks on the candles, meaning bears took complete control of the situation. For example, the trading session after a bullish day started with a slight upside movement. Later that day, bears took control and pushed the price lower to the lower part of the previous day. The following two days were the same, pushing the price lower every time. By the end of the pattern, it usually looks as in the figure below.
What Does a Three Black Crows Pattern Mean?
First, we need to explain how the market thinks it works and then how it actually works. The majority of traders suppose that Three black crows emerge close to the end of an uptrend and signal a potential reversal. The pattern should indicate that bears are in control of the price. Usually, trading tutorials teach people to seek buy entry after the pattern appears.
Indeed, some assets tend to follow this expectation and decrease after a series of red candles. For example, gold loves three black crows and usually moves lower after the pattern is finished. You can see it in the figure.
The examples above are not perfect because some patterns have a small first candle, which is not great. Still, at least three red candles are in each case, and the pattern worked perfectly four times in a row. If you entered each time and set a Stop Loss above the start of the pattern, you would profit. Notice that the chart above shows the Three black crows on a daily timeframe. Smaller timeframes tend to be more chaotic, but the overall tendency is likely to remain.
However, not all assets work with 3BC (three black crows) pattern. Some of them can be in an uptrend for years, decreasing the chance of having a reversal after several red trading sessions. For example, the US500 chart is going up after marking a decline with the pattern.
Trading the pattern on the US500 index would be a completely different experience. Every time you got a signal to Sell, the chart went up. This trend remained for the whole year, making it difficult for traders to earn by selling.
In this case, your attitude needs to be completely different from the classical interpretation of the pattern. In other words, you need to buy an asset every time it forms a 3BC. This way, you will have a lot of profitable trades, entering at the very bottom of the price swing. We will tell you about identifying the right way of trading the pattern later in this article.
Pros and Cons of Three Black Crows Pattern
Like any other price pattern, technical indicator, or candlestick formation, three black crows have pros and cons that depend on the timeframe you use, risk tolerance, and, most importantly, the asset you love to trade. Also, you need to understand market structure to identify how to act in each scenario.
- Easy to find and trade. Three black crows are just a series of red candles at the end of an uptrend. Thus, everyone can easily find this pattern and catch the movement after it. Also, you can easily set a Stop Loss, as it should be above the first candle in the pattern.
- Appears quite often on the chart, no matter what timeframe you like to use. Every trader, from a scalper to a position trader, can use this pattern in their trading strategy.
- Almost ideal for trading reversals and entering new trades. However, reading about the pattern’s cons would be best to understand how to seek reversals.
- Hard to automate. Some candlestick patterns, like a hammer, can be automated with scripts and Expert Advisors. As for the 3BC, it can look like various red candles and not random three bearish trading sessions. Therefore, it can be challenging for experienced traders to make a robot that uses this pattern.
- Market structure defines the trend that prevails in specific assets, and a trader must deal with it. Traders must observe the market closely before trading this pattern, as it’s highly dependent on the trend. As we mentioned above, some instruments, like XAUUSD, work as they should with 3BC. It means that an instrument usually continues decreasing after the pattern emerges. Others, like the US500 index, do exactly the opposite.
- Stop Loss can be far away from the entry point. Usually, a Stop Loss in trading three black crows pattern should be placed above the start of the movement (higher than the first red candle). The market can be highly volatile sometimes, so three candles can move the price far away. Therefore, to maintain a decent risk-to-reward ratio, your Take Profit should be even further than the Stop Loss, making the trade longer and harder to control.
- This pattern is good for counter-trend trading, not for ranging markets. It may produce false signals in consolidating market conditions. Thus, trading in the sideways movement can create a lot of wrong signals, resulting in losses.
- It can set up a late market entry. Traders can use other technical indicators and price formations to spot reversals. Three black crows is not a very responsive pattern, and you will often see a signal too close to the end of the movement.
As you can see, there are more cons than pros in trading the 3BC pattern. However, you can implement this pattern in your trading strategy, making it more reliable and less risky if you want to.
How to Trade Forex Using the Three Black Crows Candlestick Pattern
There are two ways of trading the pattern. First, we’ll tell you about the classical way of trading it and then move to the unusual one.
Trend trading of the Three Black Crows Pattern
You need to find an uptrend and wait for a big red candle to appear. This candle should be at least half of the previous one, marking that sellers have entered the game.
You don’t need to open a trade right away but watch at the next candle. After you see another two bearish candles, the chart should look like in the figure below.
Now, you can open a sell trade right after the third candle closes. Your Stop Loss should be above the start of the movement, and your Take Profit should be at least as far as the Stop Loss. Risk management rules say that Take Profit should be twice as far, but we suggest closing half of the trade on the way to it make the trade less risky.
Counter-trend trading with Three Black Crows pattern
The example above briefly explained the classical way of trading the three black crows pattern. However, another way of using it is to open a Buy trade at the end of the third candle. The reason for trading counter-trend is that some instruments are more trendy than others. Gold, for example, can be in a trend for weeks and months but reverses eventually. On the other hand, the US500 index can remain in the uptrend for years, making short pullbacks on the way up.
As we know, the trend is your friend, and you should try to trade in the direction of the trend, not against it. Therefore, pullbacks in an uptrend are perfect for entering the buy trade. Here’s how to trade the three black crows pattern in a growing market:
As in the previous example, you need to find an uptrend and wait for three red candles to form.
Next, you need to analyze the instrument and understand the market structure that prevails in it. Is it usually trendy or ranging? How big are pullbacks? These questions will help you to understand what is the best thing you can do after the pattern is ready. In our scenario, we have chosen to trade the US500 index, a trendy market with small and fast pullbacks (3-5 trading sessions). That’s why we enter a buy trade.
It’s easy to place a Stop Loss when trading in the direction of a movement, but what about trading reversals? Then it would be best if you placed your Take Profit first. Put it at the upper border of the highest candle’s body. A Stop Loss can be half as far as the Take Profit. The final result may look like this.
Don’t forget to analyze the instrument before making any decisions. This pattern isn’t as straightforward as you might want it to be. Therefore, a comprehensive market analysis is a must for every trader of the three black crows pattern. Notice that MT4 and MT5 (trading platforms that we support, among many others) support candlestick charts, so you can find this pattern here.
The three black crows pattern isn’t a usual candlestick formation. It comes with its pros and cons. We recommend this pattern for traders familiar with market structure, risk management, and differences between trendy and ranging markets. However, if used right, the three black crows pattern provides easy-to-spot entry signals.
Trading has several levels of complexity, starting from the easiest, like buying and selling random assets, to a more comprehensive one, with deliberate risk management, timing, and objectives.
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Are the three black crows the same as the harami pattern?
No, they’re different. A bearish harami pattern is a small red candle inside a bigger green candle. Simultaneously, the three black crows pattern is a series of red candles at the end of an uptrend.
Is the Three Black Crows pattern 100% reliable?
There’s no pattern in technical analysis that is 100% reliable. Otherwise, traders would use only that pattern for trading. However, the three black crows pattern is reliable enough when used with a market structure analysis and common sense.
What is the best timeframe for trading the Three Black Crows pattern?
Generally, bigger timeframes generate more accurate entry signals and less noise. The three black crows pattern is no exclusion. Try to use at least a 15M timeframe and higher if you want to decrease the number of bad trades.