Kalendar Ekonomi

Senarai keluaran ekonomi yang penting

Masa Kesan
Mata wang
Acara
Sebelumnya
Ramalan
Sebenar
Feb 22, 2024

00:30

JPY
Jibun Bank Composite PMI Flash
{previous} 51.5
{forecast}
{actual} 50.3
The au Jibun Bank Japan Composite PMI Output Index, which is a weighted average of the Manufacturing Output Index and the Services Business Activity Index, tracks business trends across private sector activity based on data collected from a representative panel of around 800 companies. The index tracks variables such as sales, new orders, employment, inventories and prices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

00:30

JPY
Jibun Bank Manufacturing PMI Flash
{previous} 48
{forecast} 48.2
{actual} 47.2
The au Jibun Bank Japan Manufacturing PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers. The headline figure is the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is a weighted average of the following five indices: New Orders (30%), Output (25%), Employment (20%), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15%) and Stocks of Purchases (10%). For the PMI calculation the Suppliers’ Delivery Times Index is inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction to the other indices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

00:30

JPY
Jibun Bank Services PMI Flash
{previous} 53.1
{forecast}
{actual} 52.5
The au Jibun Bank Japan Services PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to questionnaires sent to a panel of around 400 service sector companies. The sectors covered include consumer (excluding retail), transport, information, communication, finance, insurance, real estate and business services. The headline figure is the Services Business Activity Index. This is a diffusion index calculated from a question that asks for changes in the volume of business activity compared with one month previously. The Services Business Activity Index is comparable to the Manufacturing Output Index. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

02:00

NZD
Credit Card Spending YoY
{previous} 4.3%
{forecast}
{actual} -0.3%

03:35

JPY
3-Month Bill Auction
{previous} -0.1157%
{forecast}
{actual} -0.1120%

07:30

EUR
ECB Fernandez-Bollo Speech
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
In the Euro Area, benchmark interest rate is set by the Governing Council of the European Central Bank. The primary objective of the ECB’s monetary policy is to maintain price stability which is to keep inflation below, but close to 2 percent over the medium term. In times of prolonged low inflation and low interest rates, ECB may also adopt non-standard monetary policy measures, such as asset purchase programmes. The official interest rate is the Main refinancing operations rate.

07:45

EUR
Business Climate Indicator
{previous} 99
{forecast}
{actual} 98
In France, the Business Climate Composite Indicator summarizes the information provided by the surveys in manufacturing, services, trade (retail and wholesale), and construction. The business climate is built from 26 balances of opinion from these surveys.

07:45

EUR
Business Confidence
{previous} 98
{forecast} 99
{actual} 100
In France, Business Climate measures industrial entrepreneurs’ sentiment about current business situation and expectation about business conditions. The survey sample comprises about 4,000 enterprises in the manufacturing and mining industries. The indicator is calculated using factor analysis technique. The index is then calculated in a way to measure the current sentiment in relation to the historic index values of the period 1993-2011. A value over 110 indicates unusually high optimism and a value under 90 indicates unusually high pessimism. The value 100 indicates neutrality.

08:15

EUR
HCOB Composite PMI Flash
{previous} 44.6
{forecast} 45
{actual} 47.7
The HCOB France Composite Output Index, which is a weighted average of the Manufacturing Output Index and the Services Business Activity Index, tracks business trends across private sector activity. The index tracks variables such as sales, new orders, employment, inventories and prices; and varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

08:15

EUR
HCOB Manufacturing PMI Flash
{previous} 43.1
{forecast} 43.5
{actual} 46.8
The HCOB France Manufacturing PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers. The headline figure is the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is a weighted average of the following five indices: New Orders (30%), Output (25%), Employment (20%), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15%) and Stocks of Purchases (10%). For the PMI calculation the Suppliers’ Delivery Times Index is inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction to the other indices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

08:15

EUR
HCOB Services PMI Flash
{previous} 45.4
{forecast} 45.6
{actual} 48
The HCOB France Services PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to questionnaires sent to a panel of around 400 service sector companies. The sectors covered include consumer (excluding retail), transport, information, communication, finance, insurance, real estate and business services. The headline figure is the Services Business Activity Index. This is a diffusion index calculated from a question that asks for changes in the volume of business activity compared with one month previously. The Services Business Activity Index is comparable to the Manufacturing Output Index. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

08:30

EUR
HCOB Manufacturing PMI Flash
{previous} 45.5
{forecast} 46.1
{actual} 42.3
The HCOB Germany Manufacturing PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 420 manufacturers. The headline figure is the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is a weighted average of the following five indices: New Orders (30%), Output (25%), Employment (20%), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15%) and Stocks of Purchases (10%). For the PMI calculation the Suppliers’ Delivery Times Index is inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction to the other indices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

08:30

EUR
HCOB Composite PMI Flash
{previous} 47
{forecast} 47.5
{actual} 46.1
The HCOB Germany Composite Output Index, which is a weighted average of the Manufacturing Output Index and the Services Business Activity Index, tracks business trends across private sector activity. The index tracks variables such as sales, new orders, employment, inventories and prices; and varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

08:30

EUR
HCOB Services PMI Flash
{previous} 47.7
{forecast} 48
{actual} 48.2
The HCOB Germany Services PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to questionnaires sent to a panel of around 400 service sector companies. The sectors covered include consumer (excluding retail), transport, information, communication, finance, insurance, real estate and business services. The headline figure is the Services Business Activity Index. This is a diffusion index calculated from a question that asks for changes in the volume of business activity compared with one month previously. The Services Business Activity Index is comparable to the Manufacturing Output Index. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

09:00

EUR
HCOB Services PMI Flash
{previous} 48.4
{forecast} 48.8
{actual} 50
The HCOB Eurozone Services PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to questionnaires sent to a panel of service providers in Germany, France, Italy, Spain and Ireland. The sectors covered include consumer (excluding retail), transport, information, communication, finance, insurance, real estate and business services. The headline figure is the Services Business Activity Index. This is a diffusion index calculated from a question that asks for changes in the volume of business activity compared with one month previously. The Services Business Activity Index is comparable to the Manufacturing Output Index. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

09:00

EUR
HCOB Composite PMI Flash
{previous} 47.9
{forecast} 48.5
{actual} 48.9
The HCOB Eurozone Composite Output Index, which is a weighted average of the Manufacturing Output Index and the Services Business Activity Index, is compiled by S&P Global from responses to questionnaires sent to survey panels of manufacturers in Germany, France, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Austria, Ireland and Greece, and of service providers in Germany, France, Italy, Spain and Ireland, totaling around 5,000 private sector companies. The index tracks variables such as sales, new orders, employment, inventories and prices; and varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

09:00

EUR
HCOB Manufacturing PMI Flash
{previous} 46.6
{forecast} 47
{actual} 46.1
The HCOB Eurozone Manufacturing PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to survey panels of manufacturers in Germany, France, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Austria, Ireland and Greece, totaling around 3,000 private sector companies. The headline figure is the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is a weighted average of the following five indices: New Orders (30%), Output (25%), Employment (20%), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15%) and Stocks of Purchases (10%). For the PMI calculation the Suppliers’ Delivery Times Index is inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction to the other indices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

09:25

EUR
ECB Tuominen Speech
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
In the Euro Area, benchmark interest rate is set by the Governing Council of the European Central Bank. The primary objective of the ECB’s monetary policy is to maintain price stability which is to keep inflation below, but close to 2 percent over the medium term. In times of prolonged low inflation and low interest rates, ECB may also adopt non-standard monetary policy measures, such as asset purchase programmes. The official interest rate is the Main refinancing operations rate.

09:30

GBP
S&P Global/CIPS Manufacturing PMI Flash
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
Markit/CIPS UK Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of 600 industrial companies. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

09:30

GBP
S&P Global/CIPS Composite PMI Flash
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
The UK Composite PMI is a weighted average of the Manufacturing Output Index and the Services Business Activity Index.

Soalan yang lazim ditanya

  • Apakah itu kalendar ekonomi?

    Kalendar ekonomi, juga dikenali sebagai kalendar ekonomi Forex atau Kalendar FX, adalah perkakas yang membolehkan para pedagang membuat analisis asas mengenai pasaran kewangan berdasarkan berita ekonomi. Anda boleh melihat senarai peristiwa-peristiwa makroekonomi yang mampu menggerakkan pasaran dan membuat keputusan perdagangan Forex berdasarkan data.

  • Apakah data yang terkandung di dalam kalendar ekonomi?

    Kalendar ekonomi mengandungi maklumat mengenai acara-acara ekonomi yang utama, serta berita-berita politik dan kesannya terhadap pasaran Forex. Semua acara atau peristiwa kewangan ini digunakan sebagai indikator ekonomi.

    Kalendar peristiwa ekonomi juga menunjukkan waktu dan tarikh bila data indikator diterbitkan, matawang yang dijangka terkesan, dan tahap impak setiap indikator. Sebilangan besar indikator mempunyai nilai angka, yang dinyatakan dalam bentuk peratusan atau nilai matawang. Ia mencerminkan impak suatu indikator, sama ada positif atau negatif.

    Kalendar ekonomi forex kami mempunyai tiga lajur untuk menunjukkan nilai indikator ekonomi: Sebelum, Unjuran, dan Sebenar:

    • Sebelum menunjukkan nilai indikator pada tempoh sebelum ini (biasanya, satu bulan atau satu tahun);
    • Unjuran menunjukkan anggaran nilai indikator berdasarkan tinjauan ke atas 20-240 ahli ekonomi;
    • Sebenar adalah nilai yang diterbitkan oleh sumber rasmi seperti agensi statistik kebangsaan atau pusat analisis.

    Kami juga menyediakan maklumat tambahan mengenai indikator dan graf yang menunjukkan perubahan nilai mengikut bulan atau tahun – klik indikator yang anda minati untuk ketahui lebih lanjut.

  • Bagaimana cara membaca kalendar ekonomi?

    Kadang-kadang bilangan peristiwa ekonomi pada satu-satu masa terlalu banyak. Oleh itu, pertama sekali, pastikan anda menggunakan saringan untuk melihat petunjuk yang paling relevan untuk perdagangan Forex anda. Sebagai contoh, anda boleh pilih hanya matawang yang anda rancang untuk dagangkan, atau saring berdasarkan impak indikator.

    Di bahagian atas kalendar perdagangan Forex kami, pilih zon masa yang sesuai.

    Gunakan nilai angka indikator untuk mentafsir perubahan pasaran. Inilah sebabnya mengapa angka unjuran dan pengumuman sebenar sangat penting. Bandingkan nombor-nombor berkenaan: jika nilai Sebenar lebih besar daripada unjuran, ini bagus untuk matawang dan kemungkinan harganya akan naik; jika nilai Sebenar lebih rendah daripada Unjuran, ia berkemungkinan akan turun.

    Anda boleh terapkan logik yang sama ke atas nilai Sebelum dan Unjuran sebelum data sebenar dikeluarkan, tetapi hati-hati – unjuran biasanya berdasarkan data awalan (preliminary) dan angka sebenar mungkin berbeza secara drastik.

  • Apa indikator ekonomi yang ada?

    Indikator ekonomi adalah acara atau peristiwa ekonomi penting yang digunakan untuk mentaksir peluang pelaburan dalam perdagangan Forex. Ia lazimnya acara atau peristiwa ekonomi makro yang mempengaruhi matawang dan harga saham.

    Indikator ada yang bersifat duluan ("leading", meramalkan perubahan akan datang), berkebetulan ("concident", menunjukkan keadaan ekonomi semasa suatu kawasan tertentu) dan lat ("lagging", mengesahkan pola dan trend).

    Indikator ekonomi paling utama:

    • The US Treasury Yield Curve – menunjukkan nisbah antara bil Perbendaharaan jangka pendek dan bon Perbendaharaan jangka panjang. Indikator ini telah meramalkan lapan kemelesetan ekonomi yang besar di tahun-tahun kebelakangan dengan cemerlang sekali.
    • KDNK (Keluaran Dalam Negara Kasar) – salah satu metrik terpenting bagi kemantapan ekonomi. Ini adalah petunjuk yang lat, menunjukkan apa yang telah berlaku, tetapi ia boleh menjadi indikator yang cemerlang untuk kemelesetan ekonomi yang akan datang.
    • Kadar Pengangguran – peratusan orang yang mencari pekerjaan, dan ia juga menunjukkan betapa mantapnya pasaran buruh dan ekonomi.
    • Kadar Faedah – satu lagi indikator lat yang menunjukkan kadar pertumbuhan ekonomi. Ini boleh mempengaruhi KDNK dan inflasi, jadi berhati-hatilah dengan indikator ini.

    Ini hanya sebahagian dari beberapa indikator yang penting. Pastikan untuk mengikuti pelan perdagangan harian dari penganalisis FBS kami untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut mengenai acara dan peristiwa perdagangan semasa dan bagaimana ia akan mempengaruhi perdagangan Forex anda.

  • Bagaimana cara berdagang sempena berita?

    Acara kewangan biasanya sudah dijadualkan awal-awal lagi. Biasanya ramalan dibuat sebelum pengumuman (lajur Unjuran di kalendar berita Forex kami) tentang bagaimana ia akan mempengaruhi pasaran. Sebilangan pedagang memilih untuk membuka posisi berdasarkan pada jangkaan laporan indikator ekonomi: jika mereka menjangkakan indikator tertentu akan menaikkan kadar tukaran matawang, mereka akan membeli, dan begitulah sebaliknya. Pedagang lain tidak suka dengan pergerakan harga yang terlalu pantas semasa indikator diumumkan, jadi mereka mejauhkan diri dari kalendar FX dan perdagangan sempena berita.

    Terdapat banyak strategi untuk berdagang sempena berita: anda harus menggunakan strategi yang anda rasa paling sesuai untuk gaya perdagangan anda. FBS, selain daripada menyediakan semua perkhidmatan yang diperlukan untuk perdagangan, juga menyediakan semua maklumat penting untuk apa jua keperluan pedagang. Lihat bahagian seksyen kami untuk memantau kemungkinan pergerakan di pasaran.

    Walaupun anda bukan orang yang berdagang sempena berita, anda masih wajar memeriksa kalendar ekonomi perdagangan atau membaca tentang peristiwa ekonomi semasa secara berkala kerana ia berkemungkinan tinggi akan mempengaruhi kemeruapan pasaran.

  • Adakah kalendar ekonomi dikemas kini secara masa nyata?

    Kalendar acara ekonomi utama kami dikemas kini secara automatik sejurus laporan disiarkan. FBS sentiasa ada untuk memberikan kemas kini kalendar ekonomi tepat pada masanya, namun kami tidak boleh dipertanggungjawabkan di atas kelewatan justeru dari sifat aliran peristiwa berita perdagangan yang tidak menentu.

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