Weaker recoveries were seen in both the UK manufacturing and service sectors, with the latter recording the greatest loss of momentum since July.
GBP euphoria has gone. What is next?
2019-12-19 • Updated
The Parliamentary elections boosted the British pound to highs of March 2019. Analysts predicted the positive outcome if Johnson’s party takes the majority. The Conservative party won. But why analysts predict the fall of the GBP? Let’s figure it out.
GBP/USD managed to reach the level of 1.35 after the Conservative party took most of the seats as investors accepted that as a chance for Boris Johnson to use this majority to deliver a soft divorce. Nevertheless, traders were surprised by a new vector of Mr. Johnson’s policy that has already wiped out the rally after the victory.
The biggest aim of Boris Johnson is to principally get the UK out of the European Union. For that, the Prime Minister is ready to do anything, even to not “brush shoulders with the global elite at a Swiss ski resort” because he canceled the attendance of the World Economic Forum in Davos next year. However, his rush may revoke all efforts of supporting the British pound.
Britain is supposed to leave the EU on January 31, 2020. Likely this Friday, December 20, Mr. Johnson will put the divorce part of the Brexit deal to a vote. As soon as MPs ratify it, it will confirm the UK to leave the EU by January 31. The important part of the legislation is supposed to ban the government to extend the transition period and delay the day Britain stops being subject to EU laws, even without a trade deal. This law increases the risk of the no-deal Brexit that may raise threats of tariffs and disruption to trade.
The main threatening point of the new policy of Mr. Johnson is to make a free-trade deal – based on the Canada-EU agreement - by December 31, 2020. Although the EU is to prevent tariffs and quotas from emerging in the relationship with the post-Brexit Britain, the December 2020-deadline seems to be too tight. The new deadline and the new legislation increase risks of the no-deal Brexit. JP Morgan announced the 25%-chance of a no-deal Brexit that is considered as “uncomfortably high."
A probability of the rate cut 2020 has risen significantly after Johnson’s announcements. Brexit uncertainties may continue putting pressure on the British economy that will force the central bank to cut the rate.
Weakening economic data with CPI being at its lowest rate in three years in November (the Office for National Statistics) provides additional signals of the cut.
Moreover, in December, the manufacturing production suffered its worst month in more than seven years. That raises the risks of the economy as a whole to contract this quarter.
Markit’s Composit index that reflects all business activity dropped to the lowest since the 2016 referendum.
Money markets predict a 76% probability of the rate cut by 25 basis points in December 2020. However, Deutsche Bank AG forecasts the bank to do so as soon as January 2020. After the rate may stay on hold, however, additional internal and external threats don’t erase the risk of more rate cuts.
The situation may become clearer after the BOE meeting on December 19. The central bank may give clues on the upcoming rate cuts and outlook for the economy. If the bank doesn't provide any signals, the following economic data and Brexit updates may shed light on the monetary policy. Remember that the UK is to leave the EU on January 31. This event will also be among the determining factors. Brexit uncertainties and negative economic data will force the bank to cut the rate.
Until the year-end, such events as the BOE Meeting and the new law will determine the direction of the GBP.
On the daily chart of GBP/USD, the pair has been sliding that may be considered both as a correction after the surge caused by the Parliamentary Elections and as a reaction to the surprising change in Johnson’s policy.
If the GBP keeps suffering, supports are located at 1.2976, 1.2770, 1.2528, and 1.2399.
If the British pound manages to gain momentum, the pair will target the previous high at 1.3514. Additional resistances may be placed at 1.3590, 1.3750, and 1.4099.
The new vector of Johnson’s policy may put additional pressure on the British pound in 2020. Moreover, the weakening economy adds threats of the rate cut that may affect the British currency. If this year, the GBP/USD pair is able to close above March highs of 1.3292, a chance of the pair’s rise will increase. Brexit deal and recovering economy may boost the pair to new highs at 1.3590, 1.4245, and 1.4630. In the environment of uncertainties, the pair will target support levels at 1.2870, 1.2590, and 1.2015.
To conclude, we can say that the surprising policy of Mr. Johnsons added additional risks for the British pound. Brexit uncertainties, new law and weakening economic data are among threats for the further rise of the GBP. The GBP/USD pair may end 2019 lower than it was expected. However, 2020 may boost the British currency as soon as the UK and the EU make an agreement.
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