The US dollar index keeps rounding above the 103.60 historical support level. The buyers have already defended this level for three weeks, highlighting their interest in the greenback. Thus, buying USD looks less risky right now.
What to expect from Fed announcement?
The US dollar has dropped ahead of the Q1 GDP report at 15:30 MT and the Fed announcement at 21:00 MT on April 29. Will it continue falling?
Look at the overall sentiment
These days Jerome Powell, the Federal Reserve chairman, has been the focus of attention. Everyone waits for today’s evening conference. If his statements are optimistic, the US dollar could surge but if he expects slower recovery, that could push USD down and turn traders to other safe-haven currencies like JPY or commodities like gold.
Pay attention to their pace of asset purchases
Nobody anticipates any new measures. This meeting will be about the actions that have been already taken and their results. Among them are asset purchases, quantitative easing programs and low rates. According to Michael Gapen, chief US economist at Barclays in New York, the Fed is slowing down bond purchases as the market environment is improving. It’ important to pay attention to their pace of asset purchases, as we can get some clarity on how long the central bank expects to keep supporting the economy.
No change in rates
In March the FOMC claimed it would keep US interest rates close to zero until the economy shows some kind of rebound. Also, Mr Powell said rates would not go negative as it would be inappropriate for the US. That’s why rates should stay unchanged today.
According to the Fed chairman, the output was likely to decline substantially in the second quarter before bouncing back in the second half of the year. However, the Fed will not release official guidelines until June. We can just look for some hints.
On the H4 timeframe, the US dollar index has formed a bullish falling wedge. At the beginning of the trading session, the price is testing the upper border of this wedge. Thus, in case of a higher-than-expected Core PCE Price Index m/m, the US dollar will skyrocket against other currencies.
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This week may be the most important since the year started as the Fed assess the economic outlook and the US presents fresh NFP readings.
S&P Global, a private banking company, will release a monthly change in British Flash Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) on January 24, 11:30 GMT+2. The index is a leading indicator of economic health as businesses react quickly to market conditions, and purchasing managers hold the most current and relevant insight into the company's view of the economy.
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics will publish the US Consumer Price Index (CPI) m/m on January 12 at 15:30 GMT+2. The index measures a change in the price of goods and services purchased by consumers.